• La renta y la herencia le ganan al trabajo – Por (C) THE NEW YORK TIMES – PAUL KRUGMAN – Clarín – 30/03/2014

    “Piketty, un experto en desigualdad del ingreso, no se limita a documentar la creciente concentración del ingreso en manos de una reducida elite económica. También argumenta de modo convincente que estamos retrocediendo hacia un ‘capitalismo patrimonial’ en el cual los resortes de la economía están dominados no sólo por la riqueza, sino también por la riqueza heredada, donde el nacimiento importa más que el esfuerzo y el talento”. La concentración creciente del ingreso en una elite está generando una nueva oligarquía, según un libro del economista Thomas Piketty.

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  • ¿Sabemos hacia dónde vamos en Ucrania? Por Henry Kissinger EX CANCILLER DE EE.UU. HISTORIADOR – Clarín – 8 de marzo de 2014

    La discusión pública sobre Ucrania gira en torno a la confrontación únicamente. Pero ¿sabemos hacia dónde vamos? En mi vida he visto cuatro guerras, que comenzaron con gran entusiasmo y apoyo público. No sabíamos cómo terminarlas a todas ellas y de tres nos retiramos de forma unilateral. La prueba de la política es ver de qué forma termina una guerra, no cómo comienza.

     

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  • Una lectura para días de paro – Por: Sergio Suppo – La Voz del Interior – 06 de marzo de 2014

    Cada vez que el presupuesto se los permite, Silvia y Peter vienen a pasar las fiestas con los padres de ella. Llegan desde Hamburgo con sus dos hijos, el más grande cursando el secundario y la más chica en la primaria.

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  • CREACIÓN DE EMPRESAS EN AMÉRICA LATINA Y ESTE DE ASIA. Informe Argentina – Hugo Kantis (Coordinador) Juan Pablo Ventura. Con la colaboración de Francisco Gatto y Juan Federico. Marzo de 2014

    Hasta la actualidad, existían pocos trabajos de investigación sobre el tema de la creación de nuevas empresas en América Latina, especialmente en Argentina. Ante esta situación, tanto a nivel del estado del conocimiento como de
    las políticas en la región, el Banco Interamericano de Desarrollo decidió encarar un estudio sobre el proceso de creación de nuevas empresas dinámicas
    en diversos países, con particular interés en América Latina. Su objetivo es identificar los distintos factores que inciden en el nacimiento y desarrollo exitoso
    de emprendimientos y obtener insumos para el desarrollo de políticas innovativas en este campo. Este trabajo se basa en los principales resultados
    obtenidos para Argentina en el marco de dicho proyecto.

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  • El G-20, laboratorio de un mundo emergente. Autora: Karoline Postel-Vinay. Directora de Investigación en el Centro de Estudios y de Investigaciones Internacionales del Instituto de Estudios Políticos, París 2011.

  • Raíces – Por: Eduardo Dalmasso – La Voz del Interior – 17-02-2014

     

    Dentro del sistema capitalista, se considera que es necesario un discurso hegemónico inducido por las clases
    dominantes, el cual servirá de referencia al grueso de la sociedad. La sociedad arriba a la década de 1920 marcada
    por las huellas del proceso oligárquico, con su clase dominante intacta, sin la existencia de una burguesía progresista.

     

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  • Estancamiento Provocado – Por: PROJECT SYNDICATE, 2014. – JOSEPH E. STIGLITZ – Clarín – 16/02/2014

    “El estancamiento de la producción que hoy algunos economistas diagnostican no es una catástrofe natural sino el efecto de malas políticas”.

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  • Troubled Times: Developing Economies Hit a BRICS Wall – Febrero 2014

    Troubled Times: Developing Economies Hit a BRICS Wall

    It was 12 years ago that Jim O’Neill had his innovative idea. An investment banker with Goldman Sachs, he had become convinced following the Sept. 11, 2001 terror attacks that theUnited StatesandEuropewere facing economic decline. He believed that developing countries such asChina,India,BrazilandRussiacould profit immensely from globalization and become the new locomotives of the global economy. O’Neill wanted to advise his clients to invest their money in the promising new players. But he needed a catchy name.

    It proved to be a simple task. He simply took the first letter of each country in the quartet and came up with BRIC, an acronym which sounded like the foundation for a solid investment.

    O’Neill, celebrated by Businessweek as a “rock star” in the industry, looked for years like a vastly successful prophet. From 2001 to 2013, the economic output of the four BRIC countries rose from some $3 billion a year to $15 billion. The quartet’s growth, later made a quintet with the inclusion of South Africa (BRICS), was instrumental in protecting Western prosperity as well. Investors made a mint and O’Neill’s club even emerged as a real political power. Now, the countries’ leaders meet regularly and, despite their many differences, have often managed to function as a counterweight to the West.

    “The South has risen at an unprecedented speed and scale,” reads the United Nations Human Development Report 2013, completed just a few months ago. Historian Niall Ferguson wrote in his 2011 book “Civilization: The West and the Rest” of “the end of 500 years of Western predominance.” It is, he suggested, an epochal change.

     

     

    THINGS THAT MAKE YOU GO

    But now, after having become so used to success in recent years, reality has begun to catch up to the BRICS states. Growth rates in 2013 were far below where they were at their high-water marks. WhereasChina’s growth rate reached a high of 14 percent just a few years ago, for example, it topped out at just 8 percent last year. InIndia, economic expansion fell from a one- time apex of 10 percent to less than 5 percent in 2013; inBrazilgrowth went from a high of 6 percent to 3 percent. Such values are still higher than those seen in the EU, but they are no longer as impressive.

    And worry is spreading. Now, there is a new moniker being used to describe the developing giants: the “fragile five.” It was coined by James Lord, a currency expert at Morgan Stanley and is meant as a warning to the now brittle-seeming countries ofBrazil,IndiaandSouth Africaas well as toTurkeyandIndonesia, both of which are threatened with collapse.

    What has happened? Have the economic climbers reached the end of their tethers or is it merely a temporary slow-down? Some have warned of overreacting, but the development raises questions for the global economy and for the people in those countries where economic success went at least partially hand-in-hand with increased political freedoms and a new self- confidence.

    The bad news is quickly mounting. On Tuesday of last week,India’s central bank raised interest rates higher than expected in an effort to get massive inflation under control. That night,Turkeydid the same thing, raising its prime lending rate to 10 percent. Soon thereafter,South Africafollowed with an increase of its own. Developing countries have become uneasy and are doing all they can to slow investor flight and the collapse of their currencies.

     

    THINGS THAT MAKE YOU GO

    Indeed, it almost seems as though the supposed decline of the West was but an illusion. In recent years, hundreds of billions was invested in the sovereign bonds of developing nations because returns in the established Western markets were comparatively weak. But last May, it took just a few words from then-Federal Reserve head Ben Bernanke to reverse the flow. He hinted that theUScentral bank could begin pumping less money into the financial system if the American recovery continued. A first wave of investors fleeing the developing world was the result.

    *** DER SPIEGEL / LINK

     

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